Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) kills one man every minute Worldwide. Additionally, one out of every three men will experience some form of CVD during their lifetime. Heart attacks, strokes, arrhythmia, and heart valve problems are all forms of cardiovascular disease. Although the rate of CVD is staggeringly increasing, most cases are preventable by early detection and leading a more heart-healthy lifestyle.
Early Detection of Heart Disease.
Early detection of cardiovascular disease can be the difference between life and death, but until recently, it has been difficult for doctors to determine which patients may develop heart disease years from now, and prevent it from occurring. But now cardiologists are using tests that can predict patients who already are developing atherosclerosis, hardening and narrowing of the arteries, years before they display symptoms. This means they can be treated before they become ill.
“The problem with finding people with early atherosclerosis is that it is clinically silent, it doesn’t cause obvious health problems we can see”
Today, Preventive Cardiologists are taking a much more sophisticated approach to assessing a person’s risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and more aggressively treating them. Nowadays
“Preventive Cardiologists don’t wait until a person’s blood pressure or lipid levels become very high before they start treatment”
Preventive Cardiologists now have more exact ways to evaluate a person’s individual risk for heart disease”. Preventive Cardiologists may take a person with mildly elevated cholesterol or blood sugar or a family history of premature heart disease do a wet of non-invasive heart screening to find out if they have atherosclerosis decades before they might have a heart attack or stroke, Doctors can lower their blood pressure and cholesterol and get their diabetes under control, which can help prevent them from going into the hospital with heart disease. In many cases, use of these tests will have a significant impact on how to treat patients.
The Basic Heart-Health Morbidity / Mortality Factors are
• Blood pressure:
High blood pressure greatly increases your risk of heart disease and stroke. Your blood pressure should be checked at each regular healthcare visit or at least once every two years if your blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg. If your blood pressure is higher, your doctor may want to check it more often.
A fasting lipoprotein profile should be taken every four to six years, starting at age 20. This is a blood test that measures total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol and HDL (good) cholesterol. Your doctor may recommend more frequent testing if you have elevated risk for heart disease and stroke.
• Weight/Body Mass Index (BMI):
Your weight should be checked during your regular healthcare visit. Being obese puts you at higher risk for health problems such as heart disease, stroke, atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure.
• Blood sugar:
High blood sugar levels put you at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Untreated diabetes can lead to many serious medical problems including heart disease and stroke. Your blood sugar (glucose) should be tested at least every three years. The American Diabetes Association recommends testing for pre-diabetes and risk for future diabetes for all people beginning at age 45 years. If tests are normal, the doctor may repeat testing at a minimum of three-year intervals.
Noninvasive Heart Screening:
Noninvasive screening tests to identify vascular and cardiac disease in its early or asymptomatic phase is non-traditional approach to cardiovascular disease prevention that involves identifying risk factors that are statistically but not necessarily biologically related to disease. Noninvasive Heart Screening tests detect vascular and cardiac functional and structural abnormalities and a composite scoring system has identified a high prevalence of unsuspected disease. Noninvasive testing may eventually replace or supplement risk factor assessment in improving the sensitivity and specificity of efforts to prevent cardiovascular disease morbid events.
Besides blood tests and a chest X-ray, Noninvasive Heart Screening tests to diagnose heart disease can include:
• ElectroCardioGram (ECG).
An ECG records these electrical signals and can help your doctor detect irregularities in your heart’s rhythm and structure. You may have an ECG while you’re at rest or while exercising (stress electrocardiogram).
This noninvasive exam, which includes an ultrasound of your chest, shows detailed images of your heart’s structure and function.
• Stress test.
This type of test involves raising your heart rate with exercise or medicine while performing heart tests and imaging to check how your heart responds.
• Computerized Tomography (CT)Angiogram .
This test is often used to check for heart problems. In a cardiac CT scan, you lie on a table inside a doughnut-shaped machine. An X-ray tube inside the machine rotates around your body and collects images of your heart and its blood vessels.
World Heart Day
on the eve of Celebrating World heart day this year, OXYMED HOSPITAL offers a limited time
“The Complete Cardiac Evaluation + CT Angio and Consultation” @ half price
book for appointments –044 4213 1010, 98414 51611