Humans depend upon the consumption of oxygen all the time. Most atmospheric air is comprised of roughly 20.95% oxygen. Oxygen is necessary for the production of cellular energy in the mitochondria of every cell in the body.
Oxygen therapy is the use of supplemental oxygen to treat a variety of medical conditions. There are two main types of oxygen therapies available:
- Normobaric oxygen therapy
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Normobaric oxygen therapy is supplemental oxygen administered at the same pressure of our atmosphere (1 atm). Depending on the medical condition, 40 to 100% of saturated oxygen is delivered to the body. As excessive oxygen can be harmful, normobaric oxygen therapy is higly regulated and not prescribed these days.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is pure supplemental oxygen delivered at higher atmospheric pressures.Patients are placed in a high pressure, full body chamber (hyperbaric chamber). This increases oxygen delivery to all of the tissues of the body.
Treatment schedules of hyperbaric oxygen therapy vary between 60 to 120 minutes, 1 or more times daily for a period of 10 to 30 days.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is approved for the treatment of a number of conditions such as decompression sickness air or gas embolisms, burns, diabetic wounds, and traumatic ischemia.
How HBOT Works:
Breathing in 100% (pure) oxygen under increased pressure, called HBOT, allows extra oxygen to be taken up by the bloodstream and dissolved at a far greater rate. This extra oxygen can help where healing is slowed down by infection or where blood supply is limited by damage to the tissues.
- Cell growth
- Reduction of swelling
- New blood vessel formation
- Tissue repair
- Wound healing
For Treatment in cases of inflammation in the body, HBOT increases the dosage of oxygen and delivers more O2 to damaged areas in the body and stimulates the healing process. Oxygen is one of the most natural antibiotics. A course of 20 sessions of hyperbaric therapy increases our stem cells. The enhanced healing action of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is due to its direct anti fungal activity mediated by reversal of fungal growth and restoration of protective immune response.
HBOT Can Treat Decompression Sickness
Scuba diving with a compressed air supply can cause decompression sickness and arterial gas embolism, a potentially lethal event. Decompression sickness is caused by the formation of nitrogen bubbles in the blood and tissues of scuba divers who surface too quickly. hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the preferred way to treat decompression sickness.
HBOT Can Reverse Effects of Air Embolism
Air embolism is caused by the introduction of air bubbles into the bloodstream those block arteries.
Air embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of surgical procedures and causes serious damage to the brain, heart, and lungs. Clinical case studies of a patients suffering from an air embolism showed complete recovery after 6-8 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
HBOT Cures Carbon Monoxide and Cyanide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide can displace oxygen in the blood. This reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to tissues.
In a recent study patients suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning, hyperbaric oxygen therapy reduced the death rate and improved patient lifespan. Therapy was more effective in younger patients and patients with acute lung failure.
HBOT improves Vision Loss
Obstruction of eye blood vessels (central retinal artery and vein occlusion and branch retinal artery occlusion) is a common cause of blindness in elderly patients. In order for therapy to be successful, hyperbaric oxygen therapy should be prescribed in the first 24 hours after the onset of vision loss. Along with increasing oxygen supply to the eye’s tissues, hyperbaric oxygen therapy also reduces swelling of the retina.
HBOT Can Heal Tissue Infections
Bacterial infections can destroy (necrosis) soft tissues and, if left untreated, can be life-threatening (Fournier gangrene, gas gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis).
A recent clinical study found that supplemental hyperbaric oxygen therapy cured severe cases of soft tissue bacterial infections and increased survival.
In bacterial infections, hyperbaric oxygen therapy reduced swelling, stimulated tissue growth, inhibited bacterial toxin production, enhanced antibioticefficiency, and protected against infections.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Heals Burns
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases the supply of oxygen to the areas suffering from burns.
Patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy exhibited longer lifespans and shorter recovery times than patients who just used standard therapy.
The rate of infections (sepsis) was decreased in burn patients supplemented with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in addition to standard treatment. BOT Reduces Chronic Pain
Cellular death of bone tissue (osteonecrosis) is most commonly attributed to an interruption of blood supply. In multiple bone cell studies (osteoblasts/osteoclasts), hyperbaric oxygen therapy promoted the generation of bone mass and prevented bone loss
In a patient suffering from chronic muscle/bone disease (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome), 3 weeks of hyperbaric oxygen therapy reduced swelling, pain, and improved motion of the lower limbs.
As hyperbaric oxygen therapy decreases pain, it also reduces dependence on painkillers in patients with chronic pain.
HBOT demotes Diabetic Ulcers
Diabetic foot ulcers and chronic kidney diseases are common causes of reduced blood flow in arteries.
In a clinical study, patients treated with supplementary hyperbaric oxygen therapy were found to recover from chronic diabetic foot ulcers. In patients with chronic kidney disease, 20 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (in addition to standard therapies) completely cured ulcers.
In patients with treatment-resistant skin ulcers (vasculitis), a 4-week course of hyperbaric oxygen therapy promotes complete recovery.
HBOT Can reverse Hearing Loss
The sensorineural hearing loss is a condition caused by loss of nerves or cells within the ear. It accounts for about 90% of hearing loss and deafness.
A review of clinical data from 167 patients showed that adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen therapy is effective in treating patients with sensorineural hearing loss.
HBOT and Brain Disorders:
HBOT has been shown to improve oxygenation, new blood cell formation (angiogenesis) and new nerve growth (neurogenesis) in the brain This mechanism explains why HBOT therapy has had such great results at restoring function in individuals with traumatic brain injuries, strokes and neurodegenerative conditions like dementia
Though HBOT is Considered as Off-Label for Autism, There have also been many positive studies about HBOT usage with Autism. A recent study showed that the children with autism who received hyperbaric treatment for 40 hourly sessions had significant improvements in overall functioning, receptive language, social interaction, eye contact and sensory/cognitive awareness.
HBOT alleviates Symptoms of Stroke and Heart Disease
In post-stroke patients, 40 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen therapy significantly decreased damage to the brain and nerves. In patients suffering from a stroke after heart surgery, hyperbaric oxygen therapy caused a full recovery in 10 out of the 12 patients.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy promoted growth and decreased inflammation of the brain tissues. Additionally, combining hyperbaric oxygen therapyto standard therapies suppressed inflammation of the heart tissues and protected against bacterial infection of the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis) and protected heart function via antioxidant activity.
Studies with rat models have found that HBOT protected heart function via antioxidant activity.
HBOT and Radiation Treatment:
HBOT is an acceptable complimentary treatment for cancer patients undergoing radiation treatment. HBOT has been shown to reduce inflammation in bones and adjacent tissues where radiotherapy creates an excess amount of reactive oxygen species. It also helps with the regeneration of blood vessels that are damaged by radiation.
With HBOT Treatment Cancer cells have lost the ability to produce energy through the aerobic metabolism & Krebs Cycle and instead drive all of their energy from substrate level phosphorylation through glucose fermentation
- Reduce cancer growth.
- Improve the delivery of chemotherapy drugs to a tumor.
- Result in an increase in the body’s own stem cells. These are blood cells at the earliest stage of development in the bone marrow. Because HBO treatment can increase stem cells it may have a role instem cell transplantation – a treatment sometimes used in haematological (blood) cancers.
Possible Side Effects of HBOT:
During HBOT, patients may experience ear popping, mild sinus discomfort or claustrophobia. Other rare side effects include temporary short-sightedness (myopia).
HBOT in OXYMED Hospital
Oxymed Hospitals takes the lead in Chennai by establishing India’s First HBOT center in
collaboration with U.S.A. The state of the art Treatment & Research Centre at Oxymed Hospital takes pride in treating FDA approved conditions plus researching on the off-label conditions headed by Dr. Ramanathan Muthiah M.D., We’re constantly involved in innovation and medical research, finding solutions to improve your care and quality of life. We tailor the care you receive, to your personal health needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and services.