» Consuming water that contains pathogenic microorganisms causes water borne diseases.
» The microorganisms present in human or animal waste enter into the human body and cause waterborne diseases.
» Water borne diseases are extremely harmful and lead to severe illness and may even be fatal.
» The most common way by which the spreading of microorganisms takes place is through drinking contaminated water. However, apart from that, water borne diseases can be spread through other means such as via clothes, hands, foods, materials used for cooking, eating, and drinking. Pathological microorganisms can enter the body through an open wound, eyes, and nose as well.
» Typhoid fever, dysentery, diarrhea, cholera, hepatitis, worms, and polio are some of the widespread water borne diseases.
How Water Borne Disease Transmitted?
Most of the people get infected when the contaminated material enters their mouth.
Other possible modes of transmission include:
• Dirty contaminated hands, clothes, cooking vessels, mugs, etc.
• Uncovered food and drinking water
• Contaminated water
• The practice of defecating in the open
• Via flies
Ways to Avoid These Diseases:
• Drink only filtered/bottled water.
• Wash hands properly before eating.
• Eat cooked, warm foods.
• Wash the containers daily.
• Keep your fingernails short and clean.
• Use of proper toilets for defecation.
• Avoid flies by disposing animal and organic wastes properly.
• Avoid consuming foods, fruit juices, and milkshakes from roadside vendors.
• Avoid drinking water at parks and other such recreational places. It is best to buy bottled water or carry your
• Always sanitize your hands and bath after visiting a hospital.
• Rivers and creeks can be breeding grounds for bacteria; avoid swimming in such waters.